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Diabetes awareness overview.

Updated: Sep 1, 2021


Coming to terms on being diagnosed with diabetes is not an easy thing to do & effects people in many different ways particularly our mental wellbeing, but with a little understanding & knowledge can help us realise its not the end of the world & the correct management of diabetes is the key to going back to leading a normal life as before.


Diabetes statistics.

*49% of newly diagnosed people were offered structured education on type 1 diabetes but only 7.9% people attended.

*For people with type 2 diabetes 90% were offered education but only 10.4 % attended the course.

* Currently in the UK there is 3.9million people living with type 1 & type 2 diabetes & an estimated 1million people who haven't yet been diagnosed that are living with type 2 diabetes, so the combined number raises to over an estimated 4.8%million.

*90% of the 3.9million people have type 2 diabetes. 8% have type 1 & 2% suffer from a rarer form of diabetes.

* By 2025 the expectancy of people suffering with diabetes will go up to 5.9million.


What is type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is what's called as an autoimmune disease. That's when our immune system attacks healthy cells, in this case beta cells that are located in the pancreas that make the hormone insulin that regulates the levels of glucose in our blood stream, the immune system then mistakenly confuses the cells as being a foreign body stopping the production of insulin

in our pancreas.

The job of insulin is to regulate blood glucose levels, This happens when the carbohydrate in food we've eaten has been broken down into glucose (sugar) in our blood. Insulin is then released from the pancreas into the bloodstream to help the glucose move into our cells so it can be used as energy to fuel our body.

When you have type 1 diabetes the pancreas can't make any insulin to release into the blood so glucose has to remain in the bloodstream, this leads to high blood glucose known as hyperglycaemia, if left untreated blood glucose levels will keep rising & may lead to various failures of organs & tissues in our body.

Infants & young children are more likely to develop type 1 diabetes but the condition can develop at any age.


What is type 2 diabetes?

There are similarity's between type 1 diabetes & type 2 but they are not the same. With type 1 the pancreas can't make any insulin, in type 2 your pancreas finds difficulty making enough insulin or the insulin that is made is not working properly. This is known as insulin resistant.

So when the insulin enters the blood stream it's unable transfer the blood glucose into the body's cells to store as energy leaving the levels of glucose in the blood being to high.


Hypoglycemia.

Is a serious condition when you blood glucose level drops dangerously low.

This causes:

* This could be too much insulin in your bloodstream or taking your diabetic medication incorrectly.

* Not having enough to eat, or by leaving out main meals & snacks.

* Drinking too much alcohol.

* Doing more physical exercise without adjusting your medication & eating more.


Treating hypoglycemia ( low blood glucose.)

Eat sweets or a sugary soft drink but make sure it's none diet, this raises blood glucose levels then eat carbohydrate food such as bread or toast or even have a main meal, this will bring your blood glucose hopefully to the right levels.


Hperglycemia.

This happens when your blood glucose becomes seriously too high & needs to be treated quickly.

Treating hyperglycemia.:

*This usually treated by adjusting your diet by cutting down your sugar intake on food & drink.

* Your insulin or diabetic medication has not been taken or taken correctly.

Signs & symptoms.

* Brought on by an illness.

* Being stressed.

* Not enough exercise.

* taking incorrect doses of your medication.

Symptoms of type 1 & type 2 diabetes in adults & children.

Early diagnosis & treatment of type 1 & type 2 diabetes can help prevent long-term damage & complications of diabetes. A lot of the signs & symptoms of both types are common in both,

taking into account age & health can affect how people experience symptoms..


*Extreme tiredness.

*Unusual weight loss

*Fruity smelling breath.

*Sight problems.

*yeast infections

*Irritable, mood swings, restlessness.

*cuts & bruises that take longer than usual to heal.

*Urinating more frequently.

*Dry mouth or extreme thirst.


Symptoms of type 1 are much easier to recognise than type 2 as they come on faster, with type 2 symptoms come on more gradual & in some cases people can live up to 10 years without knowing or being diagnosed.


Complications of diabetes.

For people who have type1 or type 2 diabetes have the added risk of developing diabetic complications if they don't keep the condition under control.


*Heart disease & stroke.

*Damage too nerve's.

*Kidney damage.

*Conditions of the skin.

*Eye damage.

*Nerve damage of the feet.

*Hearing problem's.

*Alzheimer's.


I hope you found this article helpful & have a grater understanding of type1 & type 2 diabetes, but remember this is an overview on the disease. There is so much more to be learnt on this subject so I suggest visiting diabetes UK website, they have everything you could want to know & more!


Thank you & regards

Neil...








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